How to Draw A Penguin – Full Guide

How to Draw A Penguin – Full Guide


Draw A Penguin: Penguins are fascinating creatures that have captured people’s hearts worldwide with their waddling walk and adorable appearance. Drawing a penguin can be a delightful experience, allowing you to express your artistic talent while celebrating the charm of these beloved birds. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through drawing a penguin from start to finish. So, grab your pencil and paper, and let’s dive into the world of penguin art! Also, please check out these Turkey coloring pages free.

Step 1: Gathering Your Materials

Before we begin, ensure you have all the necessary materials. You will need:

  • Drawing paper or sketchbook: Choose a good-quality paper that can handle various drawing mediums.
  • Pencils: Have a range of pencils with different lead grades, such as 2H, HB, and 2B, for varied shading and line thickness.
  • Eraser: Select a soft eraser for correcting mistakes without damaging the paper.
  • Ruler: Keep a ruler handy for drawing straight lines, especially in the initial sketching stages.
  • Reference image: It’s helpful to have a picture of a penguin before you to guide your drawing. You can find images online or in books.

Once you have all your materials ready, we can move on to the actual drawing process.

Step 2: Observing the Basic Shapes

The first step in drawing a penguin is breaking its complex form into basic shapes. Start by lightly sketching a large oval shape in the center of your paper; this will be the penguin’s body. Above the body, draw a smaller oval or circle for the head. Penguins have a distinctive body shape, so try to get the proportions right in this initial sketch.

Now, add two small circles on either side of the body, slightly below the head, for the flippers. These circles will later be refined into the penguin’s wings.

Step 3: Outlining the Penguin’s Body

With the basic shapes in place, begin outlining the penguin’s body using more defined lines. Draw a smooth curve connecting the head and body ovals to create a cohesive form. The top part of this curve will represent the penguin’s back, while the bottom part will become its belly.

Next, outline the flippers using the circles as guides. Penguins have short and stubby wings that they use for swimming, so keep that in mind while drawing the shapes.

Step 4: Adding Details to the Face

The face of a penguin is one of its most endearing features. Draw two circular eyes on the head, ensuring they are evenly spaced and facing forward. Add small dots inside the eyes to give them some life and personality. Below the eyes, draw a short, curved line for the beak. Penguins have a distinct beak that is usually colored differently from the rest of their body, so keep that in mind while shading later.

Step 5: Creating the Flippers

Now it’s time to work on the flippers. Penguins have flipper-like wings that are essential for swimming through the water with agility. Draw a smooth outline around the initial circular guides, giving them a curved and tapering appearance. Penguins use their flippers for balance and steering underwater, so try to capture that essence in your drawing.

Step 6: Detailing the Feet

Penguins have unique feet adapted to their aquatic lifestyle. They have webbed feet that aid in swimming and provide stability on land. Sketch the feet at the bottom of the body, and draw three toes pointing forward and one backward. Pay attention to the webbing between the toes and add those details for a realistic touch.

Step 7: Refining the Body

With the basic features, it’s time to add more details to the penguin’s body. Penguins have a distinct pattern of feathers that create dark and light patches. Use short, curved lines to indicate the direction of the feathers. Start from the head and move along the back, leaving the belly area smooth and white. Continue this pattern on the flippers, giving them a textured appearance.

Step 8: Shading and Texture

Shading is essential to add depth and dimension to your drawing. Observe your reference image to determine where the light source is coming from and shade the opposite side of the penguin’s body accordingly. Use different pencil grades to transition between light and shadow areas smoothly.

Don’t forget to add texture to the penguin’s feathers, especially around the head and back. You can achieve this by using short, overlapping lines to create the appearance of feathers. Take time with this step, as it can significantly affect the final result.

Step 9: Final Touches

Now that you’ve completed the primary drawing and shading take a moment to review your work and make any necessary adjustments. Use your eraser to clean up stray lines or streaks, ensuring a professional drawing.

Feel free to add a background to your penguin drawings, such as an icy landscape or a serene ocean scene, to give it a sense of environment and context.


Drawing a penguin is a fun and rewarding artistic endeavor. By breaking down the penguin’s form into basic shapes and paying attention to details, you can create an adorable and lifelike representation of these beloved birds. Remember to practice regularly and be patient with yourself as you improve your skills. So, grab your pencils and let your creativity soar as you draw these fascinating creatures, adding your unique touch to every artwork you create. Happy drawing! For more information, please Click Here!


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