Leg pain is the general term for any pain or discomfort felt between your groin and your ankle.
Depending on the underlying cause, leg pain can range from minor to severe, and the symptoms may come and go.
Leg pain that begins quickly and disappears is considered acute. It might also go on for weeks or even months. Leg discomfort that doesn’t go away is the term used then. Years of leg soreness can have a devastating effect on some people’s lives.
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What symptoms of leg pain are present?
Leg pain may only be felt in a small area of the leg or it may spread to the full leg. The discomfort might be searing, tingling, numb, or mild to severe. In addition, you can experience pain in your buttocks, foot, lower back, or spine. Note if one leg appears to be the same or different from the other.
Other indications and symptoms of leg discomfort include:
Varicose vein swelling, sores or ulcers, redness, swelling, or warmth, feeling generally ill, changes in the color of the leg or foot, or indications of an infection or fracture.
What causes leg pain?
Some typical reasons for painful legs are list below.
When the muscles abruptly constrict, it is called a cramp. Usually felt in the calf, the discomfort will subside on its own quite shortly.
Sprains and strains of the muscles. You can have severe pain in the leg along with a muscular spasm, edema, or difficulty moving the limb.
A bruise, bump, or other minor injury may include redness, swelling, or discoloration at the location of the injury.
Fracture: A bone break or crack can also result in bruising, edema, deformity, and loss of limb mobility or strength.
Infection: The region may also be red, puffy, and heated due to ulcers, infected wounds, or blisters. You can feel generally ill and have a temperature.
Injuries to the muscles, bones, or joints nearby: Small knots that form in the surrounding muscles, ligaments, and tendons can be extremely painful. Sciatica or issues with the back joints can also cause pain to radiate down the back of the leg. Ankle, knee, or hip disorders can also result in leg discomfort.
You may also have muscular stiffness or pins and needles if your leg is not use enough.
Blood vessel issues, such as deep vein thrombosis (blood clots) or poor circulation: You may also experience swelling, pressure, soreness, or a pale leg.
Varicose veins: The discomfort might be throbbing, scorching, or painful. Additionally, you can feel heavy, have cramping or restless legs, have swollen ankles, have the skin around your veins discolor, and have an itching rash.
You could also have a weakening, numbness, or tingling if you have nerve issues, such as diabetic neuropathy.
Compartment syndrome: The skin may feel tingling, burn, or numb, and the pain may be severe and get worse when you stretch your leg. The skin may feel chilly and seem pale.
Growing pains in children: Usually at night, the youngster may experience hurting or burning in the thighs, calves, or feet.
How is leg pain treat?
The reason of leg discomfort affects the course of treatment. Leg aches and pains are frequently treatable at home, but if they are sudden, severe, or chronic, or if additional symptoms appear, medical treatment may be required.
Use the RICER technique if an accident causes sudden pain:
Rest: Keep the leg still.
Ice: Use a covered icepack or bag of frozen peas to apply an icepack to the aching region for 15-20 minutes at a time. For two to three days, repeat every two to four hours.
Firmly bandage the region to apply compression.
Maintain the leg above the hip when elevating.
Call for medical help right away or go to an emergency room if you:
- Have a leg injury with a deep cut or you can see bone or tendon.
- Can’t walk or put weight on your leg.
- Have pain, swelling, redness or warmth in your lower leg.
- Hear a popping or grinding sound at the time of a leg injury.
See your health care provider as soon as possible if you have:
- Symptoms of infection, such as redness, warmth or tenderness, or you have a fever greater than100 F (37.8 C).
- A leg that is swollen, pale or cooler than usual.
- Calf pain, especially after sitting for a long time, such as on a long car trip or plane ride.
- Swelling in both legs along with breathing problems.
- Any serious leg symptoms that start for no clear reason.