Oats are an important fodder and cereal crop in India. You can practice Oats cultivation similar to wheat cultivation in temperate or subtropical climates. In addition, you can thrive well in high-altitude tropics. This crop has several health benefits. That’s why it is very popular among the farmers. It has several rich proteins and fibre. The benefits of oats are:
- Maintain blood pressure
- Help in weight loss
- Build a healthy and strong immune system
Apart from this, you can be fit and healthy by consuming it in your breakfast. You have heard about them from your nearby gym, television, newspapers, or other places. So, let’s know about how to cultivate oats.
How to Do Oats Cultivation
You have to fulfil some needs and requirements of this crop to cultivate it. So, let’s know about these needs and requirements.
The oats cultivation needs temperature between 20 to 30°C to show maximum growth. And you can sow the seeds between a temperature of 20 to 25°C. In addition, the required rainfall is 80 to 100 mm for better germination and yield. Lastly, you must ensure you are harvesting the crop at a temperature between 25 to 30°C. Apart from this, the climate has a strong effect on crop growth. So, ensure that you cultivate the crop twice in the referred climate conditions.
You can cultivate oats in a variety of soils. And for maximum growth, you should cultivate it in well-drained loamy soil with rich organic matter. The optimum pH range of the ground for oats cultivation is 5 – 6.6 pH. You should complete land preparation with the help of rich quality tractors like ACE Tractor and others. It can avoid the water stored from the ground.
Popular Varieties with Yield
Several varieties of oats are available in the farming sector, which have the highest yield. Let’s know about some of them.
- Weston-11- Released in 1978
- Kent – 210 QTL/acre
- OL-10 – 270 QTL/acre
- OL-9 – 230 QTL/acre
- OL 11 – 245 QTL/acre
- Brunker-10 – Cultivated in Punjab, Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh
- HFO-114 – 7-8 QTL/acre
- Algerian – Suitable for irrigated areas
- OS-6 – 210 QTL/acre
- Bundel Jai 851 – 188 QTL/acre
You have to plough the land so that it can be free from weeds. And the ground is also well prepared for this farming. So you have to plough the land 6 to 8 times to grow a more healthy yield. This crop can grow at a high pH level than barley and wheat. Land preparation can be difficult and costly if you do it with low-quality tractors. So, you have to use good quality and mileage tractors like Sonalika Tractor and more for land preparation.
The optimum time for sowing operations is from the second week of October to the last week of October. If you are sowing seeds during this time, you can easily get a higher yield. You have to keep row spacing of 25-30 cm for this farming. In addition, you have to keep the sowing depth from 3 to 4 cm. Moreover, the sowing methods of this crop are the drilling method and the zero tillage drill method.
The 25 kg oats seeds are sufficient for one acre of land. However, for protection from various fungal diseases, you should treat the seeds with Captan or Thiram @3 gm/kg. The proper seed rate can be the reason for adequate germination. So, sow the referred number of seeds per acre of your land.
Oats is the rainfed crop. But if you grow it as an irrigated crop, you should give two irrigation at 25-28 days intervals from sowing.
In plant protection, you should protect the crop from Insect-Pest and various diseases. So first, we will know about insect pests.
Insect-Pest and Their Management
Aphid: It is a prime pest of this crop. So you can spray Dimethoate 30EC @0.03% to prevent aphid attack.
Disease and Their Management
Leaf Blotch: It can damage the whole crop in minimum time. So, complete seed treatment to avoid this disease.
Root Rot: It can carry root parasites. You have to do proper seed treatment before sowing to save crops from this disease.
Oats are fully matured after 4 to 5 months of sowing, and it is an excellent time to harvest the field. Moreover, the harvesting can be done in early April to avoid grain shedding.
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